With the population of more than four million people, Addis Ababa is not only the political capital but also the economic and social nerve center of Ethiopia and also the seat of the Africa Union (AU), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), major Regional headquarters, more than 90 embassies and consulates.

Emperor Menelik II founded Addis as a capital city in 1887; this big, sprawling, hospitable city still bears the stamp of his exuberant personality. More than 540 square kilometers in area, Addis Ababa is situated at the foothill of the 3,200 meter Entoto Mountains, and rambles pleasantly across many wooded hillside and gullies cut with fast flowing steams, wide tree lined streets, fine architecture, glory weather and the incongruity of donkey trains along the boulevards make Addis a city of surprise and a delightful place to explore. The clear mountain air gives the city bracing atmosphere of a summer highland resort. It enjoys a mild climate, with an altitude ranges from 2200 meters above sea level to 2500 meters above sea level and with average of 61 degree Fahrenheit.

Addis Ababa which literally means ‘‘New Flower’’ stands at the very heart of Ethiopia and there is much to do and to see. The city has a flourishing cultural life, with regular exhibition and lectures. There are many opportunities to experience Ethiopian music, songs and dance, to visit museums and to see the city sights.

Other Historical Attraction

Gheralta Cluster

The Wukro Degum road leads west to Gheralta, its rock crowned peak, together with far reaching plains, enclosed by a chain of mountains, casts a panoramic view. George Gerster, the Swiss photographer, writes in his book, Churches in Rock,...

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Atsbi Wonberta Cluster

Atsbi Wonberta is located east of Wukro and bears the churches of Mikael Barka, Debreselam Mikael and Mikael Imba. These splendidly executed edifices are found perched on a mountain commanding a view of their surroundings. Mikael Barka Mikael...

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Wukro Cluster

The only sizable town between Adigrat and Mekelle, with its relaxed if rather nondescript character and forms a convenient base from which to explore the under list as well as other a number of rock hewn churches. There are major rock hewn...

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Tsaeda Imba or Teka Tesfai Cluster

Along the Mekelle – Adigrat road, 25km after Wukro, an escarpment better known as Tsada Imba, meaning White Mountain, accompanies the road along the route to Sinkata. The rocky but scenic area is the home of one of the highly sacred places in...

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Monastery of Debre Damo

The monastery of Debre Damo is notable for its 6th century Axumite stone church, as well as for its impregnable cliff top position. This isolated relic lay on a 2800m high amba (flat topped hill) covering an area of 0.5m2 and sheer cliffs. The...

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Monastery of Gunda Gundo

Gunda Gundo is accessed from the town of Edagahamus, 100km after Mekelle. It has an area that lay between a sheer side cliff in the west and an escarpment that drops towards the Afar depression. From this settlement, a 24km rough road leads to...

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Historic Route of Ethiopia

Ethiopia’s historic route does not end at Addis Ababa, it continue some  535 km to the east of the capital, perched at the end of a spur projecting from the central plateau, to the old romantic walled city of Harar stands amid green mountains on the eastern wall of the Great Rift Valley near the Somalian border, the historical city dating back to medieval time.

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Rock Churches of Tigray

This stunning church often referred as Abune Abraham, after the monk who founded it, Debre Tsion is a church entirely hewn from a living rock. It is rectangular in shape, 12.9m deep, 7.7m wide and 7.6m high. Its ceiling is supported by six cruciform pillars and its three sides are surrounded by a cloister.

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